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UPSC Essentials | Mains answer practice — GS 3

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Are you preparing for UPSC CSE 2024? Here are this week’s questions from GS paper 3 along with key points to consider for your answers. Don’t forget to include your responses in the comment box below. Give them a try!

UPSC Essentials presents its initiative for Mains answer writing practice, covering crucial topics from the static and dynamic parts of the UPSC Civil Services syllabus across various GS papers. This practice aims to supplement your UPSC CSE Mains preparation. Take a shot at today’s answer writing on questions related to GS-3 to gauge your progress.

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Define Micro Irrigation and outline its advantages. Evaluate government initiatives concerning micro irrigation.

What constitutes geospatial intelligence? How will geospatial solutions contribute to national priorities and SDGs?

General Answer Structure:


– Keep the introduction concise, within 3-5 lines. Avoid one-liners.
– Provide basic definitions from reliable sources and authentic facts.


– The body of your answer should address the question comprehensively.
– Preferably, present your answer using a mix of points and short paragraphs instead of lengthy paragraphs or bullet points alone.
– Incorporate facts from credible government sources for a thorough response. While analysis is important, avoid over-analysis.
– Underlining key terms can enhance the presentation and clarity of your answer.
– Use flowcharts or tree diagrams where appropriate and logical to save time and enhance your score.

Way forward/Conclusion

– Conclude your answer on a positive note with a forward-looking approach.
– If necessary, highlight important issues that require attention.
– Utilize findings from reports, surveys, or quotes to strengthen your conclusion.


– Assess your answer critically based on the provided guiding points or ideas.
– Ensure that your answer is well-structured, addresses all aspects of the question, and provides relevant examples or evidence.

Enhance your answers with the following points:

QUESTION 1: Define Micro Irrigation and outline its advantages. Evaluate government initiatives concerning micro irrigation.


– Micro Irrigation is a comprehensive method aimed at enhancing crop productivity by improving water efficiency through specialized systems.
– It involves the precise application of water through drips, tiny streams, or miniature sprays, either above or below the soil surface.


(i) Reduction in water consumption
(ii) Suppression of weed growth
(iii) Applicability across various types of land, including undulating terrain
(iv) Increased crop yield and reduced labor costs
(v) Decreased fertilizer usage leading to improved soil fertility

Government Initiatives:

Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) scheme:

– A central government initiative promoting micro-irrigation, including drip or sprinkler systems, managed by the Department of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.
– Launched in 2006 and integrated into the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sichai Yojna (PMKSY) in 2015.
– Funding is shared between the central government, states, and farmers, with the aim of enhancing water-use efficiency and boosting farmer incomes.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY):

– Aims to improve water use efficiency in agriculture through technological interventions.
– Micro Irrigation Fund offers higher subsidies, free service post-installation, and promotes water conservation and management.

Points to Consider:

Challenges in implementing sprinkler and drip irrigation
The role of micro-irrigation in addressing India’s water crisis
Recommendations for enhancing water storage and irrigation systems

QUESTION 2: What constitutes geospatial intelligence? How will geospatial solutions contribute to national priorities and SDGs?


– Geospatial intelligence involves collating and analyzing data from diverse technological sources to construct real-time maps and simulations for informed decision-making.
– This data is crucial for predicting and mitigating various threats.


– Geospatial solutions play a vital role in addressing national priorities and achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

National Programme on Spatial Disaster Risk Reduction (SDRR):

– An integrated program addressing disaster risk reduction through geospatial techniques.
– Sub-programs like Landslide Hazard Mitigation (LHM) and Coastal Hazard, Risk Assessment and Reduction (CHRAR) focus on developing early warning systems and mitigation strategies.

Geospatial Solutions for Urban Governance:

– R&D projects under this sub-program emphasize emerging technologies like IoT and GIS for smart city development.
– Applications include flood mapping, 3D modeling, and indoor navigation systems.


– The signing of the Indo-US Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) underscores the importance of geospatial intelligence for national security.
– Access to advanced geospatial data enhances accuracy in defense operations.

Points to Consider:

Geospatial Technology Programme and its significance
Previous year questions related to geospatial technology and its applications

By following these guidelines and incorporating the provided points, you can effectively structure your answers and enhance your preparation for UPSC CSE Mains.

UPSC Essentials | Mains answer practice — GS 3

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